Reconstruire les comportements de mobilité des populations chasseurs-cueilleurs préhistoriques: nouvelles perspectives interdisciplinaires sur le Quaternaire.
The Reconstructing prehistoric hunter-gatherer mobility project (RPHGM) aims to unite diverse research practices and establish the current state of knowledge regarding prehistoric hunter-gatherer mobility as an essential step to building coherent and robust frameworks for future interdisciplinary enquiry. Research into past hunter-gatherer lifeways in the Pleistocene and Holocene has burgeoned into ever-more specialized areas over the past few decades, with a continuously growing array of techniques of study. The sub-disciplines of archaeology, palaeontology, and genetics have provided new methods of analyses and diversified the types of data collected, but often the fundamental questions under investigation are the same: how did humans organise themselves at landscape-scales, within the spatially and temporally heterogeneous biomes of the Pleistocene and early Holocene? Despite the fact that mobility is a central concern in reconstructions of past human behaviour, there has been remarkably little critical discussion of what we mean by this concept, how we identify it and how to develop common analytical frameworks we can use to examine the data. The proposed project will stimulate debate and strengthen inter-disciplinary networks, promoting integrative approaches that balance the disadvantages of single methods, as well as enabling comparisons and testing against multiple forms of data. We will bring together expert researchers, especially those at early career stages, who are working across the various fields that focus on the reconstruction of human mobility. Specific long-term goals include:
Clarifying the theoretical frameworks and identifying the different types of direct and indirect data that researchers use to analyse and measure past hunter-gatherer mobility.
Targeting areas of potential fruitful interdisciplinary research and defining new frameworks that enable the integration and comparison of disparate models and datasets.
Establishing the importance of understanding mobility for ongoing and future Quaternary research using empirical and replicable data to better integrate theories that depend on concepts such as adaptive responses and social networks.