As a paleoanthropologist, my research interests revolve around understanding patterns of land-use in prehistory. I am currently conducting archaeological surveys in Guadalajara (Spain) in an effort to uncover evidence of the Palaeolithic occupation of the Iberian Peninsula. As an archaeozoologist, I am particularly interested in modelling the spatial behaviour of prehistoric prey species as a means of interpreting past landscapes and the spatial distribution of Neanderthal sites.
Several of my research projects are oriented towards gaining a better understanding of the ways in which behaviour is reflected in the skeletton, in order to better understand the morphology of fossil hominids. Behavioural innovations, such as bipedalism and the abandonnement of an arboreal niche, produce morphological changes. These transformations are the expression of adaptive pressures affecting hominids and therefore, enable us to recreate a vital dimension of their evolutionary history. I have been co-directing field research since the summer of 2006 with the aim of exploring a secondary rift in East Africa that is still poorly known paleontologically and geologically.
Research interests: spatial analysis and modeling and geographic information systems (GIS) can provide insights and context into complex problems such as climate change, landscape ecology, and forestry by explicitly representing phenomena in their geographic context. My research focuses on the inherent multidisciplinary nature of Geographical Information Science (GIScience) to investigate the relationships between ecological processes and resulting spatial patterns.
I am a prehistoric archaeologist interested in the human-environmental interface of major transitions in the human past, especially the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition and the shift to agriculture; specifically, I focus on the impact humans have had on their environments at these key moments of our species history, as well as the impact of climatic factors on contingent patterns of human evolution. I investigate these questions through both fieldwork in northern Italy (Liguria) and Mozambique and various modeling experiments. Theoretically, I approach these questions from perspective rooted in niche construction theory and evolutionary ecology.
Francesco S.R. Pausata
Assistant Professor at the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences in the University of Quebec in Montreal. My research focuses on understanding and estimating the role of aerosol particles on atmospheric circulation and ocean circulation and their feedbacks on aerosol distribution. Specifically I use global climate models and observational data to characterize variations in climate variability in the North Atlantic and tropical region associated to gradual (e.g., anthropogenic) or rapid (e.g.,volcanic eruptions) changes in aerosol burden.
I also work on past climate dynamics with particular focus on the last deglaciation, interpreting the signal recorded in proxy records with the help of climate models.
As a geomorphologist I study the interactions of the wind and sediment and their impact on the climate, specifically focusing on increasing our ability to predict wind erosion by focusing on small-scale variables that can change the threshold of sediment transport up to large-scale transport mechanisms that alter ecosystem functions. Although my focus is on arid and semi-arid environments such as previous and present research conducted in the Sonoran and Chihuahuan deserts of the USA, and the Kalahari and Skeleton Coast of southern Africa, I have also started to research high latitude regions impacted by wind erosion in the present and past in Canada. With an approach that combines field measurements with novel methodologies, remote sensing, and atmospheric reanalysis data with empirically-based models, my research attempts to identify and improve model parametrization of dust transport processes and their direct and indirect effects.
Claude Hillaire-Marcel, professor emeritus for life at the Université du Québec in Montréal, is a member of the Royal Society of Canada (Academies of Sciences). GEOTOP is recognized by 8 university institutions in Quebec. His research, sanctioned by more than 300 publications and several scientific awards and distinctions, has begun to address various aspects of the climate-ocean system dynamic, through both geochronology and isotopic tracers of past and present peoples' conditions. Hillaire-Marcel provides the essential expertise for the geochemistry of isotopes of oxygen, carbon, nitrogen and strontium.
Anne de Vernal
Professor at the Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM), Centre GEOTOP. Research interests: Le thème général de mes travaux de recherche s'articule autour des changements océanographiques, climatiques et environnementaux dans les milieux marins de moyennes à hautes latitudes à l'échelle des derniers milliers d'années.
Patrick James is a spatial ecologist with interest in forest disturbance dynamics, spatial modelling, and landscape genetics. Currently, his work focuses on developing landscape genetic and statistical modelling approaches to better understand the relationships among landscape heterogeneity, dispersal, and the population dynamics of irruptive forest insect pests.
Research interests: evolution of social complexity, quantitative and computational methods on archaeology, agent-based simulation in anthropology, prehistoric exchange networks, prehistory of northern Europe.
Colin D. Wren
Assistant Professor at University of Colorado, Colorado Springs.
I am interested in reconstructing past foraging and mobility behavior, human-environment interactions, and the evolution of complex cognition through methods such as agent-based modeling and spatial analysis. As a part of the HDRG, I am developing models of human-human and human-environment interaction in Western Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum.
I am interested in the climatic and environmental conditions of the first dispersions of anatomically modern humans in Western Europe. My research concerns the spatial organization of ancient human populations in relation to their landscapes.
This PhD project aims to establish a dynamic model of the distribution of prehistoric populations and the large herbivores that constituted their main food source during the last Glacial in Western Europe. The objective is to study interactions (prey / predators) and their impact on the organization and mobility of human populations.
PhD student in Archaeology at Université de Montréal. MSc in GIS and Spatial Analysis in Archaeology (UCL - 2009). BA in Anthropology and Geography (McGill - 2008). My research interests currently comprise the application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to the study of hominid settlement and migration, the use of spatial statistics in assessing archaeological data, and wayfinding behaviour and spatial cognition in hominids. For my doctoral research, I aim to develop a formal approach to model and study wayfinding behaviour in the dispersals of Anatomically Modern Homo sapiens and Neandethals during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition in Iberia.
PhD student in Anthropology at the Université de Montréal (Archaeozoology). MSc in Biological Anthropology and Prehistory (Bordeaux I, France). Currently she is working on the research of Palaeolithic fauna dispersals at the Iberian Peninsula, using a paleo-bioclimatic approach. For her PhD project, she will center in the Bluefish Caves (Yukon) faunal taphonomy.
Marc is a PhD Candidate at the Institute of Environmental Sciences at the University of Geneva, Switzerland. His research involves spatial and temporal analyses of environmental phenomena, hydrology modelling as well as water resources management using geographical information systems. Marc aims to gain a better understanding of the complex interactions between the availability of natural resources and the needs of human populations and ecosystems.
Manuel Arturo Izquierdo
Anthropologist of the Universidad Nacional de Colombia (1991-1998), MSc in Anthropology Université de Montréal (2009). Research interests: Computer Simulation in Archaeology, Astronomy in the Culture, Ethnomathematics, and Prehispanic Native American Writing Systems.
PhD Candidate in Anthropology at UdeM and in Archaeology at Université de Bordeaux (~2017). Research interests: artifactual morphometric variability, spatial patterning of shared technological knowledge and practice, geographic information science, human/environment interaction, chronostratigraphy, experimental archaeology. Through techno-typology and Geometrics Morphometrics, I hope to highlight the presence of different traditions within the Aurignacian technocomplex and link these with our knowledge of the chronology and of the environmental setting surrounding this material culture.
Master's student in Anthropology at Université de Montréal. Research interests: archaeozoology and isotope analysis. Co-directed by Drs. Hilaire-Marcel & Burke.
Master's degree student in Anthropology at Université de Montréal. Co-directed by Drs Drapeau & Burke.